In 1189, he conquered the rich city of Bardowick while Barbarossa was on campaign in the Third Crusade, sparing only the churches. He died on 6 August 1195 at the age of 66. Henry would support his cousin Frederick Barbarossa in his 1157-1159 sieges of Crema and Milan in northern Italy and in his campaign against the Lombard League, but in 1174 he refused to support Frederick's new campaign due to the need to secure his borders in the east. Henry the Lion on the coat of arms of Schwerin. Barbarossa's expedition into Lombardy ultimately ended in failure. Barbarossa 2: Henry the Lion. It is revealed at the end that he was the narrator of the campaign. He was exiled from Germany in 1182 for three years, stayed with his father-in-law, in Normandy before being allowed back into Germany in 1185. The first time, he was spared and allowed to serve Barbarossa again. A popular part of the tale deals with the Brunswick Lion. He joins the lion in its fight and they slay the dragon. Crypt of Henry the Lion at Brunswick Cathedral (newly constructed in 1937). In 1165, he married Henry II of England's daughter Matilda of England, sister of Richard I of England. This was what Henry I gave during his long reign. In 1147, Henry took part in the Wendish Crusade in northern Germany, and in 1156 Frederick Barbarossa restored the Duchy of Bavaria to his family. He bitterly resented Henry for failing to support him. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. https://historica.fandom.com/wiki/Henry_the_Lion?oldid=54812. His wife Matilda died in 1189. He was one of the most powerful German princes of his time, until the rival Hohenstaufen dynasty succeeded in isolating him and eventually deprived him of his duchies of Bavaria and Saxony during the reign of his cousin Frederick I Barbarossa and of Frederick's son and successor Henry VI. According to legend, Henry witnessed the fight between a lion and a dragon while on pilgrimage. Henry II died just 8 days later, probably before the news of his daughter’s death could reach him.  The Heinrichssage details a fictional account of Henry's pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. He was exiled again in 1188. Henry "The Lion" - definition of Henry "The Lion" by The Free Dictionary . Henry's allies deserted him, and he finally had to submit in November 1181 at a Reichstag in Erfurt. Nazi propaganda later declared Henry an antecessor of the Nazi's Lebensraum policy and turned Brunswick Cathedral and Henry's tomb into a "National Place of Consecration".. After the upheaval of the conquest, and the unpopularity of William Rufus’ reign, what the country really needed was a period of peace and consolidation. Henry was born in 1129, the son of Henry X of Bavaria and Gertrude of Supplingenburg. Henry's mother was Gertrude, only daughter of Emperor Lothair III and his wife Richenza of Northeim, heiress of the Saxon territories of Northeim and the properties of the Brunones, counts of Brunswick. Later, he had Brunswick Cathedral built close to the statue. An email has been sent to the person who requested the photo informing them that you have fulfilled their request. Benjamin Arnold, "Henry the Lion and His Time". He appears in the second and fourth missions initially as an ally to Barbarossa, but betrays him both times, which is historically inaccurate. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.  The tale was later also turned into the opera Enrico Leone by Italian composer Agostino Steffani. In 1147, his marriage to Clementia of Zahringen enabled him to inherit territories in Swabia, but in 1162 Frederick Barbarossa had him divorce Clementia to prevent the spread of Welf influence into his home of Swabia, giving him several fortresses in Saxony instead. A participant in the 1147 Wendish Crusade, Henry also reacquired Bavaria by a decision of the new Emperor Frederick Barbarossa in 1156. Henry the Lion (1129-6 August 1195) was Duke of Saxony from 1142 to 1180, succeeding Albert the Bear and preceding Bernard II of Saxony, and Duke of Bavaria from 1156 to 1180, succeeding Henry XI of Bavaria and preceding Otto I of Bavaria.The most famous Welf, Henry the Lion was the nemesis of Hohenstaufen leader and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and Henry established himself … Henry "The Lion" synonyms, Henry "The Lion" pronunciation, Henry "The Lion" translation, English dictionary definition of Henry "The Lion". If you play this scenario knowing what will happen, you will not get an authentic experience. (from Frederick I) -- Encyclopædia Britannica, MSN Encarta - Multimedia - Henry the Lion, Charter given by Henry to monastery Volkenroda, 31.1.1174, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Henry_the_Lion&oldid=47503, Pages with citations using unsupported parameters, Commons category link is defined as the pagename, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. The most famous Welf, Henry the Lion was the nemesis of Hohenstaufen leader and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and Henry established himself as a powerful German ruler, building the cities of Lubeck, Augsburg, Schwerin, Kassel, Brunswick, and many other important present-day German cities. In 1172, Henry had taken a pilgrimage to Jerusalem(June-July), meeting with the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller, spending Easter of that year in Constantinople. This page was last modified on 13 January 2016, at 22:25. At the height of his reign, Henry ruled over a vast territory stretching from the coast of the North and Baltic Seas to the Alps, and from Westphalia to Pomerania. The faithful lion then accompanies Henry on his return home. Frederick then invaded Saxony with an Imperial army to bring his cousin to his knees. During Frederick's first invasion of northern Italy, Henry took part, among the others, in the victorious sieges of Crema and Milan. His ambitions led to conflict with the Holy Roman Emperors, notably Frederick Barbarossa. Henry's father died in 1139, aged 32, when Henry was still a child. Henry I – The Lion of Justice. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The people of Brunswick then erect a statue in the lion's honour. He did not consider these Italian adventures worth the effort, unless Barbarossa presented Henry with the Saxon imperial city Goslar: a request Barbarossa refused. Thank you for fulfilling this photo request. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Henry+the+Lion. Augsburg, Hildesheim, Stade, Kassel, Güstrow, Lüneburg, Salzwedel, Schwerin and Brunswick. Henry the Lion (German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, which duchies he held until 1180.. Declaring that Imperial law overruled traditional German law, the court had Henry stripped of his lands and declared him an outlaw. Try not to read the spoilers. When Frederick Barbarossa went on the Crusade of 1189, Henry returned to Saxony, mobilized an army of his faithful, and conquered the rich city of Bardowick as punishment for her disloyalty. Shortly after his death, the Henry the Lion became the subject of a folktale, the so-called Heinrichssage. In 1147, Henry married Clementia of Zähringen, thereby gaining her hereditary territories in Swabia. Add Photos for Henry “The Lion” of Saxony III Fulfill Photo Request for Henry “The Lion” of Saxony III × Photo Request Fulfilled. Henry I is a shadowy and little known figure to most people. Most importantly, although you do have an economy, you are restricted as to what units and technologies you can have. Henry the Lion remains a popular figure to this day. Eiserner Heinrich (1915), Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum, Brunswick. This is an extremely unusual scenario for a number of reasons. Define Henry "The Lion". n ?1129–95, duke of Saxony . Note: there are some major surprises in this scenario. By Tessa Shepperson Leave a Comment. In Brunswick, his capital, he had a bronze lion, his heraldic animal, erected in the yard of his castle Dankwarderode in 1166 — the first bronze statue north of the Alps. Henry the Lion, 1129–95, duke of Saxony (1142–80) and of Bavaria (1156–80); son of Henry the Proud Henry the Proud, c.1108–1139, duke of Bavaria (1126–38) and of Saxony Henry the Lion's Fountain (1874), Brunswick. The second time, he was exiled to Britain. Born in Ravensburg, he was the son of Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, who was the son of Duke Henry the Black and an heir of the Billungs, former dukes of Saxony.  By December 1172, he was back in Bavaria and in 1174, he refused to aid Frederick in a renewed invasion of Lombardy because he was preoccupied with securing his own borders in the East. Ihr Ursprung, Ihre Entwicklung und Ihre Überlieferung by Karl Hoppe", Henry the Lion. Barbarossa's son, Emperor Henry VI, again defeated the Duke, but in 1194, with his end approaching, he made his peace with the Emperor, and returned to his much diminished lands around Brunswick, where he finished his days as Duke of Braunschweig, peacefully sponsoring arts and architecture. Henry the Lion (German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180. Henry faithfully supported his older cousin, Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa), in his attempts to solidify his hold on the Imperial Crown and his repeated wars with the cities of Lombardy and the Popes, several times turning the tide of battle in Frederick's favor with his Saxon knights. Henry the Lion (German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Guelph dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, which duchies he held until 1180. He divorced her in 1162, apparently under pressure from Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, who did not cherish Guelphish possessions in his home area and offered Henry several fortresses in Saxony in exchange. Only the churches were left standing. In 1157, he founded the city of Munich, the capital of Bavaria; he also founded the city of Lubeck in 1159 (other cities that he founded were Augsburg, Hildesheim, Stade, Gustrow, Luneburg, Salzwedel, Schwerin, Kassel and Brunswick). King Conrad III had dispossessed Henry the Proud, who had been his rival for the crown in 1138, of his duchies in 1138 and 1139, handing Saxony to Albert the Bear and Bavaria to Leopold of Austria. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Bernhard of Süpplingenburg, Count of Harzgau, "Die Sage von Heinrich dem Löwen. One of the members of the Welf house was moreover one of Philip's greatest enemies, Eilhart was a member of a Brunswick family mentioned in records of, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, The Princess in the Tower: Alex Sanmark tells the strange tale of the ill-fated marriage of Philip Augustus of France and his Danish princess at the end of the twelfth century, Henry Street School for International Studies, Henry Street Settlement and Neighborhood Playhouse. Henry the Lion (German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, which duchies he held until 1180. Frederick blamed Henry's refusal of support for the failure of the Italian campaign, and he was stripped of his lands and declared an outlaw in 1180. Henry the Lion appears in Age of Empires 2: The Age of Kings in the Barbarossa campaign. Henry is the founder of Munich (1157/58; München) and Lübeck (1159); he also founded and developed numerous other cities in Northern Germany and Bavaria, a.o. Henry, however, did not relinquish his claims to his inheritance, and Conrad returned Saxony to him in 1142. After its master's death, the lion refuses all food and dies of grief on Henry's grave.
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